Given we know the value of all order derivatives at a point $x_0$ for a given f(x).
As per my knowledge all the geometric properties like slope, curvature, convexity are functions of solely the derivatives of any order, like in vector calculus, for Serret-Frenet equations, all the parameters can be determined once we know the values of some of the higher derivatives at point and we can construct the function from $x_0$ up to $\infty$ using initial given values at $x_0$ alone however we know this is true only for analytic functions and a limited domain.
So what is the hidden intrinsic property of a function other than derivatives that prevents it from being analytic ?
Example: Take y=ln(1+x), i know the value of function and all derivatives at x=0, both I and nature will use these values to construct the function for x>0, yet, for my taylor series, it will diverge for x>1, still one curious fact is that as i keep on adding terms, function diverges to +$\infty$ for even terms and -$\infty$ for odd terms so it still keeps oscillating about original value and each successive term seems to correct the offshoot introduced by previous term.
essentially what prevents its convergence ?