I understand that the pigeonhole principle is supposedly a quite simple concept. However could you please explain to me the reasoning of how you reach this answer. Thank you.
Question: A basket cannot contain more than $24$ apples. What is the minimum amount of baskets you must have, to ensure you have at least $5$ baskets with the same number of apples in them (all baskets have at least $1$ apple contained within).
Answer of this question being $97$ baskets.