how to workout the “finding route” problems, so I won't missing or duplicated in counting.

how to work out this kind of routes counting problem? I always missing or duplicated when counting, is there any good method to do counting or even best, there is a method to calculate for the result?

example for routes counting

Work backwards from points near B. Here I've labeled each point with a letter, but that's just so I can talk about them. The lettres aren't important, and in solving such a problem, you needn't bother with them.
First, we number point B with $$1$$. Now we repeatedly find the points all of whose sons are numbered, and number those points with the sum of the numbers on the sums. C and E both have B as their only son, so they get numbered 1. Now both of F's sons are numbered so F gets numbered 2. The number on a point represents the number of routes to get from that point to B. I think you can see why this works. When we're at some point X, we can only go to one of its sons, and if we already know how many ways to get to B from each of the sons, we just have to add them up to get the number of routes from X to B. Keep going until A is numbered.