Applying Rolle's Theorem, prove that the given equation has only one root: $$e^x=1+x$$
By inspection, we can say that $x=0$ is one root of the equation. But how can we use Rolle's theorem to prove this root is unique?
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Let $f(x) = e^x - 1 - x$, and we observe that $f(0)=0$. $f$ is also obviously continuous and differentiable over the real numbers (if you wish to verify that in detail, you can do that separately).
Suppose there exists a second root $b \neq 0$ such that $f(0) = f(b) = 0$. Then there exists some $c \in (0,b)$ (or $(b,0)$ if $b<0$) such that $f'(c) = 0$ by Rolle's theorem.
$f'(x) = e^x - 1$, however, which satisfies $f'(x) = 0$ only when $x=0$, which is not in any interval $(0,b)$ (or $(b,0)$).
Thus, since no satisfactory $c$ exists, we conclude the equation only has one real root.