I have some code to calculate the mean bias between two arrays.


and was hoping to represent the median instead:


Does something like this hold true? But it's not sorted so index will not be the middle:


How can I represent this?


  • $\begingroup$ This question does not concern mathematics and would be better suited for TeX - LaTeX Stackexchange. $\endgroup$ – Brian Mar 28 at 1:08
  • $\begingroup$ I tried there first and was suggested to ask here instead. $\endgroup$ – Ocean Scientist Mar 28 at 1:14
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    $\begingroup$ I don't understand the question $\endgroup$ – Jorge Fernández Hidalgo Mar 28 at 1:14
  • $\begingroup$ You can write median bias = median a - median b $\endgroup$ – Jorge Fernández Hidalgo Mar 28 at 1:15
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    $\begingroup$ The formula only, I can convert it into Tex myself. $\endgroup$ – Ocean Scientist Mar 28 at 1:18

You might be able to write something like this:

\begin{gather} bias_{\text{median}} = \frac12\left(\max_i\left\{a_i-b_i \mid \left\lvert\left\{j\mid a_i-b_i > a_j-b_j\right\}\right\rvert < \tfrac n2\right\} \\ \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad + \min_i\left\{a_i-b_i \mid \left\lvert\left\{j\mid a_i-b_i < a_j-b_j\right\}\right\rvert < \tfrac n2\right\} \right) \end{gather}

This is a way of saying that if $n$ is odd, you take the value $a_i - b_i$ that partitions the list of values $a_j - b_j$ (excluding $a_i - b_i$ itself) into two equal sets, one of values less than $a_i - b_i$ and one of values greater; and if $n$ is even you take the mean of the two values $a_i - b_i$ and $a_{i'} - b_{i'}$ that partition the list of values $a_j - b_j$ (excluding those two values) into two equal sets.

But I think this is a rather horrible expression.

A better way is probably to define some notation of your own, for example,

The notation $\text{median}(S)$ represents the median of the set $S$,

followed at some later time by an expression such as

$$ \text{median} \{a_i - b_i \mid 1 \leq i \leq n\}. $$

  • $\begingroup$ So there isn't a nice way of doing it. Interesting. I agree that the first one does the job, but it's a bit much! I think I will just define that median means median like your suggestion 2. Thanks very much! $\endgroup$ – Ocean Scientist Mar 28 at 4:12

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