I am just curious if I was at fault here for the way I answered these questions, or if the book was at fault for not being clear enough. Perhaps I'm missing something regarding the conventions of answering these types of questions...
Edit: These aren't test questions or anything like that (I've been out of school for a long time). I'm brushing up on some practice questions for a military entrance exam I have coming up.
The answer to the first question is a. I answered c. Back when I was in school I learned to always simplify when available. Was I wrong to simplify the ratio?
For question 2 I answered c, while the right answer is supposed to be b. I figured that in virtue of it being a ratio doubling the number of women would automatically increase the number of men proportionally. Was that a wrong assumption on my part, or do you believe it was erroneous to not take the question literally?