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Calculate the characters of the left and right regular representations of an arbitrary finite group.

The answer of the question is given below:

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But I do not know why the character of the left and right regular representations takes this form ..... could anyone explain for me why?

Thanks!

Edit:

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A left regular representation of a finite group $G$ is given by sending each $g \in G$ to the permutation matrix of $\sigma$, where $\sigma$ is the permutation induced on the elements of $G$ by left multiplication by $g$. In other words, we label the elements of $G$ as $g_1,\ldots,g_n$, where $n = \vert G \vert$. Then given $g \in G$, we let $\sigma_g \in S_n$ such that $$gg_i = g_{\sigma_g(i)}$$ for each $i = 1,\ldots,n$. Then a left regular representation for $G$ is given by sending $g$ to the permutation matrix $M_{\sigma_g}$ of $\sigma_g$, i.e., the matrix whose $i$th column has $1$ in position $\sigma_g(i)$ and $0$ elsewhere. If $g = e$, then of course $M_{\sigma_g}$ is the identity matrix, which has trace equal to $n$. On the other hand, if $g \neq e$, then $gg_i \neq g_i$ for all $i = 1\ldots,n$. Therefore the diagonal entries of $M_{\sigma_g}$ are all $0$, hence $M_{\sigma_g}$ has trace $0$.

The right regular representation is the same except you multiply by $g$ on the right instead of on the left.

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  • $\begingroup$ Could you please when you have time look at this question math.stackexchange.com/questions/3146156/… $\endgroup$ – Intuition Mar 13 at 8:23
  • $\begingroup$ I do not know how to associate the definition you used with the definition of the book I will edit my question to include the book definition and tell me please how they are related. $\endgroup$ – Intuition Mar 13 at 13:45

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