Let $R, S$ be rings.
Suppose $\phi: R \rightarrow S$ is a ring homomorphism. Clearly we have a map $R \rightarrow S/J$ defined by the canonical map.
However, for any ideal $I \subset R,$ can I form a ring homomorphism $R/I \rightarrow S/J?$
This feels wrong for some reason as $I, J$ are unrelated.
However, it seems like I can just send $a + I \mapsto \phi(a) + I.$ I don't see anything wrong with this. $\phi(a + I) + \phi(b + I) = \phi(a) + I + \phi(b) + I = \phi(a + b) + I,$ and so on...
I feel silly for asking such a basic question but it feels quite strange that this is possible as, again, there is no relation between these two ideals.