How to find the inverse of the method to find the nth lexicographic logical permutation

I'm looking for a proper method to find the nth logical permutation of a particular sequence that is able to return the desired permutation. For example, for a sequence 1234567890, the 100,001st logical permutation is 1469037825, as calculated by:

To find the first digit,

Since there are 10 digits, fixing the first digit, there are 9! ways to permute the rest.

$$\ 100 001 - 0(9!) = 100 001$$ (As 1x9! is larger than 100001)

Hence the first digit is the 0th element in the list of digits 1234567890, i.e. $$\ 1$$

To find the second digit

$$\ 100 001 - 2(8!) = 19361$$

Hence the second digit is the 2nd element in the list of digits 234567890, i.e. $$\ 4$$ (counting from 0)

To find the third digit

$$\ 19361 - 3(7!) = 4241$$

Hence the third digit is the 3rd element in the list of digits 23567890, i.e. $$\ 6$$ (counting from 0)

And so forth

$$\ 4241 - 5(6!) = 641$$ 5th in 2357890 is $$\ 9$$

$$\ 641- 5(5!) = 41$$ 5th in 235780 is $$\ 0$$

$$\ 41 - 1(4!) = 17$$ 1st in 23578 is $$\ 3$$

$$\ 17 - 2(3!) = 5$$ 2nd in 2578 is $$\ 7$$

$$\ 5 - 2(2!) = 1$$ 2nd in 258 is $$\ 8$$

$$\ 1 - 0(1!) = 1$$ 0th in 25 is $$\ 2$$ (Remainder has to be more than 0)

Hence last digit remaining is $$\ 5$$

The 100,001st permutation of 1234567890 is 1469037825

How would I then be able to find the value of n, such than the nth permutation of $$\ 1469037825$$ is $$\ 1234567890?$$

1469037825

1234567890
^----------> 0 * 9!
234567890
^--------> 2 * 8!
23567890
^-------> 3 * 7!
2357890
^-----> 5 * 6!
235780
^-----> 5 * 5!
23578
^---------> 1 * 4!
2578
^--------> 2 * 3!
258
^--------> 2 * 2!
25
^----------> 0 * 1!


$$0\cdot9!+2\cdot8!+3\cdot7!+5\cdot6!+5\cdot5!+1\cdot4!+2\cdot3!+2\cdot2!+0\cdot1!+1=100001$$ This shows that $$1469037825$$ is the $$100,001^\text{st}$$ lexicographic permutation of $$1234567890$$

1234567890

1469037825
^----------> 0 * 9!
469037825
^---> 7 * 8!
46903785
^------> 4 * 7!
4690785
^----------> 0 * 6!
690785
^-----> 5 * 5!
69078
^----------> 0 * 4!
9078
^--------> 2 * 3!
908
^--------> 2 * 2!
90
^----------> 0 * 1!


$$0\cdot9!+7\cdot8!+4\cdot7!+0\cdot6!+5\cdot5!+0\cdot4!+2\cdot3!+2\cdot2!+0\cdot1!+1=303017$$ This shows that $$1234567890$$ is the $$303,017^\text{th}$$ lexicographic permutation of $$1469037825$$

• Thanks Daniel! This method works perfectly and has a very clean working. – RicharCd Jan 21 at 14:03