This question already has an answer here:

So I'm having this assignment in probability regarding conditional probability that states the following:

Each of 25 exams papers has 2 questions written on it. Neither of the 50 questions repeats itself. The student knows the answer for 44 questions. In order for the student to pass the exam he must answer correctly either on the two questions for the paper he has chosen or on one question on the first paper he has chosen and on the first question on the second paper he has chosen.

What is the probability that the student will pass the exam?

Any ideas?

Any sort of help will be appreciated.

Thank you in advance!


marked as duplicate by Lord Shark the Unknown, KReiser, Lee David Chung Lin, José Carlos Santos, Cesareo Jan 9 at 10:19

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ can you clarify the part about choosing 2 papers ? $\endgroup$ – T. Fo Jan 8 at 23:01
  • $\begingroup$ Also one part says "the paper he has chosen" (suggesting only one paper is chosen) while the very next line seems to contradict this by having the student choose 2 papers. $\endgroup$ – Michael Jan 8 at 23:05

Here is my understanding of scheme.

  • If student can't answer both 1st and 2nd questions on paper (case 0), he fails.

  • If student can't answer 1 question but can answer the other (case 1), he will be given another paper.

  • If student can't answer at least 1 question on additional paper(case 2), he fails.

  • Win otherwise.

$$ P(\text{case 0}) = \frac{C_{44}^0 C_6^2}{C_{50}^2}\\ P(\text{case 1}) = \frac{C_{44}^1 C_6^1}{C_{50}^2}\\ P(\text{case 2}) = \frac{C_{43}^0 C_5^2}{C_{48}^2}\\ $$ $P(win) = 1 - (P_0 + P_1 P_2) \approx 0.985845$ (that much, maybe I am wrong with exam scheme? UPD1: But if student can take 2 papers regardless his ability to answer to the both questions in 1st paper, chances are even higher, every student should take 2 papers and select 2 questions of 4)

*$C_n^k \equiv$ Binomial[n,k]

UPD2: After posting this answer I mentioned (look at right side menu more often!) that this is duplicate


Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.