Find the maximum area of a rectangle whose perimeter is $100$?
(I am using derivative method)
Some Basic rules:
1.) If $f''(x) > 0$ then function has minimum value at $x$
2.) If $f''(x) < 0$ then function has maximum value at $x$
Let the length of rectangle $= x$
and the width of rectangle $= y$
$y = 50 - x$
As Area $= x × y$
Put the value of y in above equation
$f(x) = Area = x(50 - x)$
$f(x) = 50x - x^2$
Taking first derivative: $f'(x) = 50 - 2x$
Assuming the first derivative to be equal to zero we get the value of x which is $x = 25$.
Now taking double derivative of above equation and putting the value of $x$ we get $f''(x) = -2$ which is less then zero so the function of Area is maximum hence the Area of rectangle will also be maximum.
Now what approach should i use to calculate Area?
Is there a more neat way doing the above question more quickly?
What if the question says to calculate minimum Area?
Help would be appreciated.
(Sorry for bad english and if someone finds any mistake feel free to edit and correct them :) )