# Perpendicular form of the straight line equation in n-dimensional space

A similar question was discussed before but it was in a 2-dimensional space. Perpendicular form of the straight line equation. So how can the derivation in a 2D space be generalized to an n-dimensional space? In other words, how can we derive the perpendicular form of a specific line perpendicular to the hyperplane defined as L = A.X1 + B.X2+ C.X3 + ... + K.Xn in an n-dimensional space?

• In spaces with more than two dimensions what you call perpendicular form becomes a system of equations. – N74 Dec 19 '18 at 8:42
• A line in more than two dimensions canâ€™t be represented by a single implicit linear Cartesian equation. – amd Dec 19 '18 at 9:42
• Thanks a lot. So how about the directions of the hyperplane? What do the cosine directions derived from L's equation represent in the n-dimensional space? And can those directions be used to derive a new coordinate system which is parallel to the hyperplane L in some direction (similar to a rotation in 2D)? I would also appreciate if you recommend me some references on this regard. – Mr. Gulliver Dec 19 '18 at 13:07

The vector $${\bf A}=(A_1,A_2, \cdots, A_n)$$ is a vector normal to the plane.
Denoting by $$\bf X$$ the generic point of coordinates $$(x_1,\cdots, x_n)$$ and by $$\bf P$$ a given point, then $${\bf(X-P)}=\lambda \bf A$$ is the parametric equation of a line normal to the plane, and passing through $$\bf P$$.
• @Mr.Gulliver: Yes, provided that you take the normalized vector ${\bf A}/{|\bf A|}$, whose components will be the cosines of the angles that the line makes with each axis. – G Cab Dec 19 '18 at 16:36