# How many pairs $(x,y)$ such that $x+y=n$ have an $x$ or $y$ divisible by 3 but $x$ and $y$ are not equal to 3?

Let the set $$S_{n}$$ = {$$(x,y):x,y \in \mathbb{O}$$} such that $$x+y=n$$ where $$\mathbb{O}$$ is set of odd integers > 1.

Let us define the function $$f(n) = |S_{n}|$$ that counts the number of pairs in $$S_{n}$$.

Examples: $$S_{10} =\{(3,7),(5,5),(7,3)\}$$ and $$f(10) = 3$$.

$$S_{14} = \{(3,11), (5,9), (7,7), (9,5),(11,3)\}$$ and $$f(14) = 5$$

$$S_{32} = \{(3,29), (5,27), (7,25), (9,23), (11,21), (13,19), (15,17), (17,15), (19,13), (21,11), (23,9), (25,7), (27,5), (29,3)\}$$

and $$f(32) = 14$$

It turns out that $$f(n) = ((n/2) - 2)$$.

Let us define another function $$g(n)$$ that counts the number of pairs $$(x,y)$$ such that either $$x$$ or $$y$$ is divisible by 3, but $$x \neq 3$$ and $$y\neq 3$$.

Example: $$g(32) = 8$$ because there are 8 pairs where $$x$$ or $$y$$ is divisible by 3 but not equal to 3. They are (5,27), (9,23), (11,21), (15,17), (17,15), (21,11), (23,9) and (27,5).

There are two cases: Case 1, $$n$$ is divisible by 3 and case 2, $$n$$ is not divisible by 3. Let us only consider case where $$n$$ is not divisible by 3, since if $$n$$ is divisible by 3, any pair where $$x$$ is divisible by 3, $$y$$ will also be divisible by 3.

What is the formula for $$g(n)$$ in terms of $$f(n)$$ for values of $$n$$ not divisible by 3?

What is the formula for $$g(n)$$ in terms of $$f(n)$$ for limit $$n \to\infty$$?

My guess is that as $$n \to \infty$$ for $$n$$ not divisible by 3, the value of $$g(n)$$ approaches $$(2/3)f(n)$$.

The sum of $$2$$ multiples of $$k$$ is also a multiple of $$k$$. Therefore, if $$n$$ is not divisible by $$3$$, we know that the $$\left\lfloor \frac{n}{6}\right\rfloor -1$$ values of $$p$$ where $$p$$ is divisible by $$3$$ will not overlap any of the $$\left\lfloor \frac{n}{6}\right\rfloor -1$$ values of $$q$$ where $$q$$ is divisible by $$3$$.

So the formula for $$g(n)$$ in terms of $$n$$ for values of $$n$$ not divisible by $$3$$ is:

$$g(n)=2\left\lfloor \frac{n}{6}\right\rfloor -2$$

The formula for $$g(n)$$ in terms of $$f(n)$$ for values of $$n$$ not divisible by $$3$$ is:

$$g(n)=2\left\lfloor \frac{f\left(n\right)+2}{3}\right\rfloor -2$$

Your guess about the limit for $$\frac{g(n)}{f\left(n\right)}$$ is also right:

$$\frac{g(n)}{f\left(n\right)}=\frac{2\left\lfloor \frac{n}{6}\right\rfloor -2}{\frac{n}{2}-2}=\frac{\frac{n}{3}-2}{\frac{n}{2}-2}=\frac{2n-12}{3n-12}$$

$$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{2n-12}{3n-12}=\frac{2\infty-12}{3\infty-12}=\frac{2\infty}{3\infty}=\frac{2}{3}\left(\frac{\infty}{\infty}\right)=\frac{2}{3}$$