Does there exist any no-where vanishing smooth $1$-form on $S^2$. I , think there is such one. For example, consider the smooth $1$-form $\omega=dx+dy+xdz$ on $\Bbb R^3$ consider the pull-back of $\omega$ w.r.t. the inclusion map $i:S^2\rightarrow \Bbb R^3$. Then I claim that $i^*\omega$ is a no-where vanishing smooth $1$-form on $S^2$. My argument is the following:
Obviously $i^*\omega$ is a smooth $1$-form on $S^2$. I have to only show that it is no-where vanishing. To show this it is enough to show that , for fix a point $(a,b,c)\in S^2$ , we have to find a $(x,y,z)\in \Bbb R^3$ with $ax+by+cz=0$ and $x+y+az\not =0$.
First of all consider the point $(a,b,c)=(0,1,0)$ of $S^2$, then $(x,y,z)=(1,0,0)$ will do the job. Similarly for $(0,-1,0)\in S^2$.
Now assume one of $a$ or $c$ or both $a$ and $c$ is not zero. First assume $a=0$ and $c\not =0$, then choose $(x,y,z)\in \Bbb R^3$ such that $by+cz =0$ and $x+y\not =0$. So we are done.
Next assume $a\not=0$ and $c=0$, then we can find $(x,y,z)\in \Bbb R^3$ with $ax+by=0$ and $x+y+az\not= 0$.
Finally assume $ac\not =0$.
4.1.) Then consider the subcase $a+b=0$ , $ac\not=0$, choosing $(x,y,z)=(1,1,0)$ we are done.
4.2.) Next consider the subcase $a+b\not =0$ and $ac\not =0$, choose $(x,y,z)\in \Bbb R^3$ such that $x=y$ and $(a+b)x+cz=0$ and $2x+az\not =0$, this is possible as last two distinct line may intersect at most one point.
Is my argument correct ? Thanks in advance.