# How to show $\frac{\Gamma((n-1)/2)}{\Gamma(n/2)} \approx \frac{\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{n-2}}$

Show $$\frac{\Gamma((n-1)/2)}{\Gamma(n/2)} \approx \frac{\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{n-2}}$$

Try

Using the facts:

• $$(1 + \alpha/m)^m = e^\alpha ( 1+ r_m)$$, where $$\lim_{m \to \infty} \sqrt{m}r_m = 0$$
• $$\Gamma(n+1) = n^{n + 1/2} e^{-n} \sqrt{2 \pi} (1 + r_n)$$, where $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \sqrt{n}r_n = 0$$

Note :

\begin{aligned} \frac{\Gamma((n-1)/2)}{\Gamma(n/2)} &= \frac{\left(\frac{n-3}{2}\right)^{(n-2)/2} e^{-(n-3)/2}(\sqrt{2\pi}(1 + r_{1n})}{\left(\frac{n-2}{2}\right)^{(n-1)/2} e^{-(n-2)/2}(\sqrt{2\pi}(1 + r_{2n})} \\ &=\left( \left(\frac{n-3}{n-2}\right)^{(n-2)/2} \sqrt{e} \frac{1+r_{1n}}{1 + r_{2n}} \right) \times \frac{\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{n-2}} \end{aligned}

But I'm stuck at how I should proceed to eliminate the $$\left( \left(\frac{n-3}{n-2}\right)^{(n-2)/2} \sqrt{e} \frac{1+r_{1n}}{1 + r_{2n}} \right)$$ term.

• What is your definition of $\Gamma$? According to it, proving Gautschi's inequality might be more or less trivial. – Jack D'Aurizio Nov 21 '18 at 2:21
• what is your definition of $\approx$?? – Masacroso Nov 21 '18 at 2:39

$$\frac{\Gamma\left(\tfrac{n-1}{2}\right)}{\Gamma\left(\tfrac{n}{2}\right)}=\tfrac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}}\,B\left(\tfrac{n-1}{2},\tfrac{1}{2}\right)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}}\int_{0}^{1}x^{\frac{n-3}{2}}(1-x)^{-1/2}\,dx=\frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}}\int_{0}^{1}\frac{x^{n-2}}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}\,dx$$ gives $$\frac{\Gamma\left(\tfrac{n-1}{2}\right)}{\Gamma\left(\tfrac{n}{2}\right)}= \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}}\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\left(\cos\theta\right)^{n-2}\,d\theta\sim\frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}}\int_{0}^{+\infty}\exp\left[-(n-2)\frac{\theta^2}{2}\right]d\theta=\sqrt{\frac{2}{n-2}}.$$ Notice that the integral representation (as a moment) instantly gives that the LHS is a log-convex function. The asymptotic equivalence $$\sim$$ can be seen as an instance of Laplace/Hayman's method.