$(s-2i)^2 (s+2i)^2=$

$(s^2-4si-4) (s^2+4si-4)=$

$s^4+4s^3i-4s^2-4s^3i+16s^2+16si-4s^2-16si+16 =$

$(s^4-8s^2+16) =$


Is there a quicker way to see that $(s-2i)^2 (s+2i)^2= (s^2+4)^2$


We have

$$(s-2i)^2 (s+2i)^2=[(s-2i) (s+2i)]^2$$

and recall that $(A-B)(A+B)=A^2-B^2$.

  • $\begingroup$ I don't see why $(s-2i)^2 (s+2i)^2=[(s-2i) (s+2i)]^2$ $\endgroup$ – roy212 Nov 17 '18 at 21:46
  • $\begingroup$ @roy212 We have in general (not only for complex number) $$A^2\cdot B^2 =(A\cdot B)^2$$ $\endgroup$ – user Nov 17 '18 at 21:47
  • $\begingroup$ And $A^2*B^2*C^2*D^2 = (A*B*C*D)^2$? $\endgroup$ – roy212 Nov 17 '18 at 21:56
  • $\begingroup$ @roy212 Yes of course! It is also true. $\endgroup$ – user Nov 17 '18 at 21:57
  • $\begingroup$ As long as you are dealing with commutative things. So, okay for real and complex numbers but not quaternions or matrices. $\endgroup$ – badjohn Nov 18 '18 at 15:57



notice: $$(a+b)(a-b)=a^2-b^2$$ so: $$(a+bi)(a-bi)=a^2-(bi)^2=a^2+b^2$$


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