Check wether this converges or diverges $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac {(-1)^n(2n-1)!}{3^n}$

I have a couple of questions:

Using Abel-Dirichlet criteria when you have $\sum_{k=1}^{n}b_k$ bounded and $a_n\to0$ when $n\to\infty$ it $\implies\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n$ converges.

Here if we take $b_n = (-1)^n$ we have that $a_n\to\infty$ as $n\to\infty$, can I or I cannot say that the series diverges?

Also when testing the absolute convergence of this we have that the new series are: $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(2n-1)!}{3^n}$ doing the ratio test we get:

$$\lim_{n\to\infty}\frac {(2n+1)}{3}=\infty > 1$$

So it diverges so it's not absolute convergent, here can I or I cannot say that the series diverges? probably not here.

Else what criteria should I use here?


If a serie converges its general term tends to $0$ (this is a necessary condition, not sufficient). Here we clearly have :

$$\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{(-1)^n(2n-1)!}{3^n} \ne 0$$

So it diverges.

  • $\begingroup$ Actually that limit doesn't exist, but it does if you take its absolute value $\endgroup$ – zhw. Nov 14 '18 at 20:24
  • $\begingroup$ @DonAntonio yes of course. Thank you for noticing ! $\endgroup$ – Thinking Nov 14 '18 at 20:36



and thus $\;\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\cfrac{(-1)^n((2n-1)!}{3^n}\neq 0\;$ (In fact the limit doesn't even exist) and the series doesn't converge.


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