I recently have come across a business problem which could be convereted into a game problem as follows:
Imagine an infinitely repeated game between two players in which the firts player (leader) first makes a decision and then based on that decision the second player (follower) decides. According to the logic of rationality, in each stage (repeatition) the second player should optimise her own plan. But if, in some stages of game instead of optimising her plan, the second player makes some other decisions, a very high cost will be incurred to the first player. This incurred cost could change the way that the first player makes decision to avoid the risk caused by the second player plays differently, and consequently it could increase the profit of the second player in long term.
In brief, one of the players makes a decision that impose cost to himself and his opponent but it could change the decision making of the opponent and in long term offers higher profit for him. Has this type of game addressed in any game theory books?
I personally, categorised it as an strategy in playing the game. A strategy could contain some threats to change the behavior of other players. However, the the threat must be credibile. When one of the palyer's decision in punishing (threatening) the other player is different with Nash Equilibria, the threat may not be considered as a credibel one. But I feel this could also be improtant to deviate from the Nash equilibria (not take the action of "best response") to chaneg the other player's action and gain some profit afterwards. I beleive in some markets that there is monopoly, this kind of strategies exist. for example, the person (brand) that has the dominant share of market reduces the price (and his profit) to make the business non-profitable for himself and the newcomers, until the newcomers get broke and then they buy their share and increase the price again. Please help me with this problem. Any hint could be useful.