Let $G$ a connected Lie group of dimension 1. Show that \begin{align} G \cong \mathbb{R} \, \, \, \text{or} \, \, \, G \cong S^1 \end{align}

I tried to read and understand the topic Connected, one-dimensional Lie groups , but I have some problem to compute the kernel of the exponential map to see that $\ker(\exp) = \{ 0 \}$ or $\ker(\exp)= r\mathbb{Z}$ for some $r>0$.

Any suggestions? Thanks in advance!


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