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For finite-dimensional vector spaces $V$ and $W$ and $f \in \operatorname{Hom}(V,W)$ show that $\dim \operatorname{Ker} f -\dim (W/ \operatorname{Im} f) = \dim V - \dim W$

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$V \cong \operatorname{Ker}f \oplus V/\operatorname{Ker}f \cong \operatorname{Ker}f \oplus \operatorname{Im}f \Rightarrow \operatorname{dim}V = \operatorname{dim} \operatorname{Kerf} + \operatorname{dim} \operatorname{Im}f$. Also $\operatorname{dim} W = \operatorname{dim} \operatorname{Im}f + \operatorname{dim} W/\operatorname{Im}f$.

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  • $\begingroup$ I understand the first half. Why is it that $\dim W= \dim \operatorname{Im}f+ \dim W/\operatorname{Im}f$? $\endgroup$
    – user4593
    Feb 7 '13 at 4:50
  • $\begingroup$ Is it because if the $\operatorname{Im}f \neq W$ then $\dim W / \operatorname{Im}f$ is the remaining "bits of the vector space"--like you're zeroing out the image and taking the dimension of what's left. That makes sense. $\endgroup$
    – user4593
    Feb 7 '13 at 4:53
  • $\begingroup$ Correct. More formally, if $U$ is a subspace of $V$, then $dimU+dim V/U=dimV$. $\endgroup$
    – Manos
    Feb 7 '13 at 14:53

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