# Find a one parameter family of solutions of the following first order ordinary differential equation

Find a one parameter family of solutions of the following first order ordinary differential equation

$$(3x^2 + 9xy + 5y^2) dx - (6x^2 + 4xy) dy = 0$$

• There is no easy way to write this. Write it as dy/dx, divide out an x^2 from top and bottom, let v=y/x, then v' = (y'-v)/x, then integrate, then etc. Oct 8, 2018 at 4:03

Fist of all, welcome to the site !

The equation is $$3 x^2+9 x y(x)+5 y(x)^2-\left(6 x^2+4 x y(x)\right) y'(x)=0$$ Looking at the last term, let $$y(x)=u(x)-\frac 32 x$$ to get $$-4 x u(x) u'(x)+5 u(x)^2+\frac{3 x^2}{4}=0$$ that is to say $$-2x \left(u^2(x)\right)'+5 u^2(x)+\frac{3 x^2}{4}=0$$ So, let $$u(x)=\pm \sqrt{v(x)}$$ to get $$-2 x v'(x)+5 v(x)+\frac{3 x^2}{4}=0$$ which looks to be simple.

• +1 well done Claude Oct 8, 2018 at 5:12
• Hello Claude! Thanks for welcoming me ! Quick question, why did you add extra x's that were not suppose to be in the original question? Is that part of answering the question? Sorry just a little confused. The original equation was (3x2+9xy+5y2)dx−(6x2+4xy)dy=0
– s.v
Oct 8, 2018 at 5:27
• @s.v. I did not add anything ! Instead of writing $y$ I wrote $y(x)$. May be, I am too puristic ! If you prefer, replace $y(x)$ by $y$, $u(x)$ by $u$ and $v(x)$ by $v$. Oct 8, 2018 at 5:41

Integrating factor is $$\mu=\frac{1}{xP+yQ}\\= \frac{1}{x\, \left( 5 {{y}^{2}}+9 x y+3 {{x}^{2}}\right) +y\, \left( -4 x y-6 {{x}^{2}}\right) }\\= \frac{1}{x\, {{y}^{2}}+3 {{x}^{2}} y+3 {{x}^{3}}}\\$$ General solution is $$5 \log{(x)}-2 \log{\left( {{y}^{2}}+3 x y+3 {{x}^{2}}\right) }=C$$

This is a homogeneous DE so making $$y = u x$$ we obtain

$$x u'=\frac{u(u+3)+3}{4u+6}$$

which is separable giving

$$\frac{(4u+6)du}{u(u+3)+3} = \frac{dx}{x}$$

or

$$\ln(u(u+3)+3)^2 = C_0 + \ln x\Rightarrow (u(u+3)+3)^2=C_1x$$

and finally

$$y = \frac x2\left(-3\pm\sqrt{C_2\sqrt x-3}\right)$$