$$\Pi(n) = (n)!$$
for all positive integers $n$. In other words, a function on the non-negative integers (the factorial) has been extended to the complex numbers (to form the pi function).
Is there a term for this kind of extensions, where you go from a function $f$ whose domain $D_f$ is a discrete set, i.e. consists only of isolated points, to an analytic function $g$ whose domain is more or less continuous, such that $f(n) = g(n)\ \forall\ n \in D_f$?
If not, is there a term for the more general case where you go from a function $f$ with domain $D_f$ (not necessarily discrete) to a function $g$ whose domain $D_g$ is larger that $D_f$, and such that $f(x) = g(x)\ \forall\ x \in D_f$? Can you call it "domain extension"? I guess one such extension would be analytic continuation.
Also, is there a specific technique that can be used to derive extensions from functions with discrete domains, such as the positive integers, to analytic functions with continuous domains?