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I have done the work however I wanted to make sure my answers were correct.

If you prefer the picture of the question: Picture

Problem (still getting the hang of mathjax I tried to make it as neat as possible):

Consider the linear transformation $T:\mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ that first rotates a vector with $\pi/4$ radians clockwise and then projects onto the $x_2$ axis

(a) Find $$ T\begin{pmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \\ \end{pmatrix} $$

(b) Find the standard matrix for $T$.

(c) Is $T$ onto (surjection)?


For (a) with some error and help I got to the answer of

$$ \left[ \begin{array}{cc|c} 0\\ 0 \end{array} \right] $$

I am confused how I should be getting (b). Is my answer correct?

$$ \left[ \begin{array}{cc|c} \cos(\pi/4)&-\sin(\pi/4)\\ \sin(\pi/4)&\cos(\pi/4) \end{array} \right] $$ times

$$ \left[ \begin{array}{cc|c} 0&0\\ 0&1 \end{array} \right] $$

After I multiplied those two together I got

$$ \left[ \begin{array}{cc|c} 0&\sqrt(2)/2\\ 0&\sqrt(2)/2 \end{array} \right] $$

Would this be the standard matrix for $T$?

Also can anyone lead me in the direction of how I can determine if this is a surjection or not?

Thank you!

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You made two mistakes:


The matrix you wrote, i.e.,

$$ \left[ \begin{array}{cc|c} \cos(\pi/4)&-\sin(\pi/4)\\ \sin(\pi/4)&\cos(\pi/4) \end{array} \right] $$

is the matrix for rotation by $\frac\pi4$ anti-clockwise, so it is not the right matrix.


Second, you then multiplied that matrix $R$ by the projection matrix $P$, but that means that the matrix you ended up with, $R\cdot P$, acts on the vector $x$ like so: $$(R\cdot P)\cdot x = R\cdot(P\cdot x)$$ which means you first project the vector, then you rotate it. This is incorrect.

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