# Finding the area of a $15-75-90$ triangle with the length of the hypotenuse included without using trigonometric functions.

So there is a right triangle $$ABC$$ with $$m∠C=90°$$, $$m∠B=75°$$, and $$BC\ (the \ hypotenuse)=12 cm$$. I want to find the area of this triangle

It would look something like this: Note: I have already solved this problem and got the answer as $$18$$ $$cm^2$$. So, I am not looking for an answer, I am looking for another way to solve this problem.

I have looked at other stack exchange questions similar to this question that involves $$15-75-90$$ triangles:

All of these questions were solved using trigonometric functions however, I think there is a way to solve this using elementary geometry without trigonometric functions. I tried to go somewhere with splitting $$∠B$$ into $$30-60-90$$ triangles or a $$15-15-150$$ triangle but to no avail as it did not help me at all.

If anyone could help, find this way it would be most appreciated. Thanks.

• It seems to me that you are asking to evaluate the area of this triangle without pushing a trig function key on a calculator, so if I can evaluate some trig function of $15^\circ$ I have solved the problem. Is that what you are thinking? – Ross Millikan Sep 23 '18 at 3:27

Here is your triangle with just one extra segment inscribed in it: Now you have a $$30$$-$$60$$-$$90$$ triangle, whose ratios you presumably know. That is, you know the ratios of $$AC$$ and $$AD$$ to $$CD.$$ But also $$BD=CD$$ and $$AB = AD + BD,$$ so you have the ratio $$AB : CD,$$ and now you can use the Pythagorean Theorem to get the ratio $$BC: CD.$$ But $$BC = 12,$$ and using the ratios you have found you can assign lengths to all the other segments, in particular $$AB$$ and $$AC.$$ Then you can find the area.

• Thanks, for the triangles, I did not see that before but I am still don't get the ratios. What would the ratio of $AB:CD$ be? Based on what you wrote, I would assume that you can only find out the equation $AB=AD+BD$. Then how would you go to the conclusion that $BC:CD$ using the Pythagorean theorem? I feel that you might have gotten the right answer but that I don't your solution. It would be helpful if you could clarify the questions I have above and describe your solution more. Thanks – Atrey Desai Sep 23 '18 at 22:52
• I use ratios like this: if $p:q = 1:3$ and $p:r = 1:4$ then $p:(q+r) = 1:7$, $p^2:q^2 = 1:9,$ and $p:\sqrt{q^2+r^2}=1:5.$ Adding two parts of a segment and applying the Pythagorean theorem to ratios are as easy as that. But if that's too confusing, you could set $CD = x$ (that is, $CD$ is $x$ units long) and label the other segments with things like $x$, $\frac12x,$ $\frac{\sqrt3}2x,$ and so forth until finally you have $BC$ as some number times $x$, and then since $BC=12$ you find the exact value of $x$ and put actual numbers (without $x$) for all the other lengths. – David K Sep 24 '18 at 2:17

Draw a perpendicular from A to the hypotenuse Now find length of perpendicular using basic trignometry and Area of Triangle = $${1\over2}(BC)(Lenght\ of\ perpendicular)$$

• OP asked for a solution without trig, but I think this one can get there if you use similar triangles. Fundamentally we want to evaluate some trig function of $15^\circ$ without pushing the button on the calculator. I think this gives a quadratic that solves the problem. – Ross Millikan Sep 23 '18 at 2:44
• i think use of the most basic trigonometry is inevitable – Subhajit Halder Sep 23 '18 at 2:46
• we can also do this using vectors but the OP is asking for elementary geometry solution – Subhajit Halder Sep 23 '18 at 2:47
• I don't think so. Your approach will get a trig function of $15^circ$ as a solution to a quadratic. You replace the use of the trig function with the solution to the quadratic you have found. I'll do it if you don't want to, but you had the good idea. Let $C$ to the foot of the perpendicular be $x$. Now use similar triangles and Pythagoras and you will get there. – Ross Millikan Sep 23 '18 at 2:50
• sorry ,i didn' t understand your comment . Are you saying that the vector approach is not possible?I will try myself then.(for reference- i am class 12th student) – Subhajit Halder Sep 23 '18 at 2:55

We can use the chords properties of a Dodecagon: 