The answer is no: If $\omega$ is a Kahler metric, then so is $c\omega$ for all $c>0$. But lots of them are not integral: $c\omega \in H^2(X, \mathbb Z)$, so lots of them cannot be presented by pullback of Fubini-Study metric (which has to be of integral class).
Even if $[\omega]$ is an integral class, the assertion might not be true. Note that since $[\omega]$ is integral, it is the first Chern class of some holomorphic line bundle $L$. Indeed your assumption is that $L$ is positive, which is equivalent to that $L$ is ample, via the Kodaira embedding.
$L$ is ample if $L^k$ induces a projective embedding for some large $k$. If $k=1$ for your $L$, then $[\omega]$ is represented by pullback of Fubini-study metric. In general, there are lots of ample line bundle which are not very ample, so all these will be counterexamples (which can be found here).