The full question can be viewed here - https://imgur.com/a/Vrd47ng
I understand how to answer all but the very last part, (D). I'll include a summary of the question below.
The problem is a very classic one in conditional probability.
5% of the population have the disease (D). A test is available that has a 10% false positive and a 10% false negative rate.
part (B) of the question asks what is the probability of having the disease given that you test positive. I'm quite confident the answer to this is ~ 32%
Part (D) - Suppose that there is no cost or benefit from testing negative but a benefit B from true positives which detect the disease and a cost C to false positives.
i) What is the expected value of the testing programme?
ii) What benefit-cost ratio would you require to proceed with the testing programme?
I'm not quite sure to how to answer either of part D. My somewhat educated guesses are
the expected value = 0.045B - 0.095C
and the benefit to cost ratio required to proceed with the testing programme is 2.11 (or greater)
Thanks in advance for your help.