I'm having trouble with this problem: Evaluate the following double integral
$$ \iint_D (x^2+y^2) \,\text d x\,\text dy $$
where $D$ is the region comprised of a parallelogram with the corners $(0,0)$, $(-1,1)$, $(4,2)$ and $(3,3)$.
If I look at the function, it seems easier to solve with polar coordinates, but if I look at the region, it seems easier to do in the cartesian plane. The cartesian plane makes the calculation very complex with many steps and I seem to always make a mistake when trying it.
I've figured that the region is comprised of the lines $A: x=2y$, $B: x= 2y-3$, $C: x=-y$ and $D: x=-y+6$.
I would transform the function to polar form as follows:
$$ \iint_Dr^2 \, \text dr \, \text d\theta $$
but how do I switch the integral bounds to polar form? I tried to simply substitute $x = r\cos\theta$ and $y=r\sin\theta$ for the lines $A$, $B$, $C$ and $D$; but I don't know if I should try solving for $\theta$ or for $r$, and I don't feel very confident with the trigonometry when I test this. Maybe I can use the Jacobian matrix to make it easier for me, but I haven't used the Jacobian matrix in practice before, so I feel a bit lost here.
- is this integral easier with polar coordinates?
- how do you change to polar coordinates for these bounds?