fundamental group of the Klein bottle minus a point

I'm trying to see the fundamental group of the Klein bottle minus a point without success. I know how to solve the torus minus a point giving a deformation retraction to the wedge sum of two circles.

My solution of the torus minus a point:

I need help here.

thanks a lot

• How would you solve the torus problem, and can you copy that solution to the Klein bottle case?
– user27126
Commented Jan 26, 2013 at 3:48
• @Sanchez yes of course, I'm doing this right now Commented Jan 26, 2013 at 3:53
• @Sanchez is it ok? :) Commented Jan 26, 2013 at 4:03
• it looks fine - so what problem do you meet when you translate that solution to this case?
– user27126
Commented Jan 26, 2013 at 4:05
• @Sanchez intuitively it seems a wedge sum of two circles as well, but it isn't. Commented Jan 26, 2013 at 4:08

We have two representations of the Klein bottle as a fundamental polygon. The first is:

And the second is formed by cutting this polygon across the diagonal, flipping one piece and reattaching it to give essentially two real projective planes glued together:

You should be able to see that as CW complexes and a 2-cell attached according to the diagram, these both form the Klein bottle with non-orientable genus 2.

Removing a point from this 2-cell produces a space that deformation rectacts onto the 1-skeleton, which in both cases obviously forms the wedge sum of two circles and the fundamental group is $\Bbb{Z} * \Bbb{Z}$.

Let's see if we can develop some sort of physical intuition for this. If the point (or by deformation, hole) we remove is in the right place, we can embed this in $\Bbb{R}^3$ to get a physical intuition.

Which then forms

And you can see rather easily that this deforms to:

Which obviously has the fundamental group of $\Bbb{Z} * \Bbb{Z}$, as this deformation retracts onto $S^1 \vee S^1$.

• I have not enough reputation to comment, but I came across this question while looking for pictures of structures on Klein bottles. The comment by MadcowD regarding the answer above is mistaken. The exercise in Hatcher is not concerned with the Klein bottle per se but the image of the usual immersion, a slightly different space. Commented Dec 4, 2017 at 23:12