# Diagonalizable matrices with same geometric multiplicity for every eigenvalue similar?

Given $A$ and $B$ diagonalizable matrices similar to a diagonal matrix $C$. That is to say, $A$ and $B$ have the same eigenvalues and for every eigenvalue the geometric multiplicity is the same.

Knowing this, can I determine $A$ and $B$ are similar?

• "Similar"? Sure. They have the same eigenvalues. What else does "similar" mean to you? Jul 30, 2018 at 17:45
• David G. Stork, same eigenvalues do not imply that the matrices are similar.
– Mark
Jul 30, 2018 at 17:49
• @DavidG.Stork "Similar" is a standard term in linear algebra. $A$ and $B$ are similar if there exists an invertible $P$ such that $A=P^{-1}BP$. Jul 30, 2018 at 18:04

$$A=P^{-1}CP \implies C=PAP^{-1}$$ $$B=Q^{-1}CQ \implies C=QBQ^{-1}$$
$$PAP^{-1}=QBQ^{-1}$$
$$A=P^{-1}QBQ^{-1}P=(Q^{-1}P)^{-1}B(Q^{-1}P)$$
Hence, $A$ and $B$ are similar.
The matrices $A$ and $B$ are similar since both of them are similar to the matrix $C$.
• Yes, knowing that both of them are similar to $C$ is enough. Jul 30, 2018 at 17:47