# Number of solutions to $x^2+ax=y^2+by$

I'm trying to find the number of positive integer solutions, in terms of $a$ and $b$, to the equation:

$$x^2+ax=y^2+by$$

I have tried many approaches but couldn't seem to get an answer. Is this possible?

EDIT:

I should make clear that $x$ and $y$ are variables whose only restrictions are that they must be positive integers, and $a$ and $b$ are positive integer constants.

I am looking to find the number of unique $x,y$ pairs given the constants $a$ and $b$.

• I'm guessing squares won't work since it introduces extra terms unfortunately Jul 11, 2018 at 0:40
• Yes, you're right. I'm thinking whether you need quadratic reciprocity to solve this problem or not. Jul 11, 2018 at 0:42

$$(2x+2y+a+b)(2x-2y+a - b)= a^2 - b^2$$ Given all ways to factor $a^2 - b^2 = UV$ with $U \equiv V \equiv a+b \pmod 2 \; ...$

It is necessary to include pairs with $U,V$ negative as well as positive.

• Thanks for your answer, however I'm having some trouble implementing this. I'm looking for the number of unique positive solutions for $x$ and $y$, however the number of ways to factor $a^2-b^2$ is likely greater than the number of ways it can be factored in that specific form, since it has restrictions in terms of the constants $a$ and $b$. Any suggestions? Jul 11, 2018 at 2:21
• For example, $a=6$, $b=4$ gives $(2x+2y+10)(2x-2y+2)=20$, so in this case the factor pairs (4, 5) and (10, 2) cannot be counted as solutions must be positive. Jul 11, 2018 at 2:45

Above equation shown below:

$x^2+ax=y^2+by$ -------$(1)$

Equation $(1)$ has parametric solution & is given below:

$x=10-23k+9k^2$

$y=5-19k+18k^2$

$a=8-23k+11k^2$

$b=31-19k-8k^2$

For $k=3$, we get $(x,y,a,b)= (11,55,19, (-49))$