I'm using statistical process control charts where the values of the first n observations provide an average and standard deviation, and the position of the subsequent observations relative to those values highlights any variation that is not considered normal in the process.
One of those markers is where 2 of 3 observations are equal or above 2 standard deviations. My question is how would I calculate the probability of that occurring given that the observations are independent (e.g the number of people buying cars, number of people buying ice creams, number of people admitted to a hospital)?
Here's my workings:
The normal distribution table shows zscore of 2 and -2 as 0.022750
The probability that the absolute zscore is >= 2 is 2(0.022750) = 0.0455
I then multiply the probability of each obs together for each combination and sum the results to get the probability of 2/3 observations being above 2 standard deviations.
Any help or corrections on this would be greatly appreciated.