I read about Graham number and TREE(3).
Graham number is: $f^{64}(4)$ where $f(n)=3\uparrow^n 3$

My question is: If there is a way to write TREE(3) via $f^a(b)$?
(and of course $f(n)$ can be different, but at the form of: $ x\uparrow^yz $)

Thank you!

  • 1
    To clarify : Do you mean the pure existence of such a number $a$ , or that a "reasonable-sized" $a$ does the job ? – Peter Jun 24 at 12:45
  • 4
    Possible duplicate of explicit upper bound of TREE(3) – Carl Mummert Jun 24 at 12:46
  • Concerning the question whether we can hit $TREE(3)$ EXACTLY , this is currently unknown and might never be known. But I agree to Arthur that chances are almost $0$ that a function of the kind you want does, unless you start with $TREE(3)$ which would however be "cheating" – Peter Jun 24 at 12:58
  • Not sure about whether hyperoperation is an appropriate tag here. But number theory certainly isn't. – Jyrki Lahtonen Jun 24 at 17:11
up vote 1 down vote accepted

No, $TREE(3)$ is in a completely different league. Graham's number has level $f_{\omega+1}$ in the fast-growing hierarchy, $TREE(3)$ is far beyond level $f_{\Gamma_0}$

So, the index $a$ in the function you want to arrive at $TREE(3)$ would be indistinguishable of $TREE(3)$ itself.

  • Sorry for the question, but what is $f_{\Gamma_0}$? I try to find the answer here: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fast-growing_hierarchy but I didn't found.... Thank you!! – CS1 Jun 24 at 13:00
  • Check for example Saibians site : sites.google.com/site/largenumbers/home – Peter Jun 24 at 13:02
  • The next major milestone above $f_{\omega}$ is $f_{\omega^2}$ , which grows like a Conway chain of $n$ $n's$ , then it continues to $f_{\omega^\omega}$ and so on until we arrive at $f_{\epsilon_0}$ which is nothing compared to $f_{\Gamma_0}$ – Peter Jun 24 at 13:04
  • You mean this: sites.google.com/site/largenumbers/home/4-2 ? – CS1 Jun 24 at 13:05
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    Yes, this is exactly the chapter you can read to get a feeling for the fast growing hierarchy. – Peter Jun 24 at 13:07

The numbers of the form $x\uparrow^y z$ are quite sparse. So while it's definitely possible to write a number larger than TREE(3) that way (not physically in our universe, but mathematically possible), I sincerely doubt any of them are equal to TREE(3).

  • I understand. We can also find $a,b$ such that: $a+b>TREE(3)$, but we can't write them at our universe :-) But you answer my question because when you wrote: ...not physically in our universe... - This what I look for! – CS1 Jul 23 at 11:37

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