Here is a question:
Let $Ω$ be a circle with a chord $AB$ which is not a diameter. Let $Γ_1$ be a circle on one side of $AB$ such that it is tangent to $AB$ at $C$ and internally tangent to $Ω$ at $D$. Likewise, let $Γ_2$ be a circle on the other side of $AB$ such that it is tangent to $AB$ at $E$ and internally tangent to $Ω$ at $F$. Suppose the line DC intersects $Ω$ at $X \neq D$ and the line $F E$ intersects $Ω$ at $Y \neq F$. Prove that $XY$ is a diameter of $Ω$.
At first I didn't see the condition that $X \neq D$ and $Y \neq F$, so I assumed both circles were tangent, which made this easy.
But when I try doing it without assuming them tangent, it gets difficult, and I have been unable to solve it. My main problem is that these circles could be arbitrary, so I know nothing more than the facts that their radii to AB will be parallel and that $\Omega$'s centre will be collinear with the centre of $\Gamma_1$ and $D$, and the centre of $\Gamma_2$ and $F$, separately.
This was asked in RMO 2017.