There 14 women and 8 men and they want to sit on a circular table. In how many ways can they sit so that no 2 men are sitting next to each other?

There are $(14-1)!=13!$ ways in which women can sit.

Then there are $\binom{14}{8}$ so that men can sit, or not?

So do we get the answer by multiplying these two ?

  • $\begingroup$ I think derangement will work here. You keep subtracting no. of ways in which 2,3,4.... men can sit together. $\endgroup$ – Lord KK Jun 7 '18 at 7:10

First of all select position for men. Men can sit in $\binom{14}{8}$ position .

Red one are position for women and green are AVALIABLE position for men Then both women and men can permute in $(14-1)!$ and $(8)!$ ways respectively.

Final answer=$$\binom{14}{8} \times 13! \times 8!$$

  • $\begingroup$ Ah ok! But this result is not at one of the choices. Is there maybe a typo? $\endgroup$ – Mary Star Jun 7 '18 at 7:06
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    $\begingroup$ may be .I think my solution is correct!! $\endgroup$ – laura Jun 7 '18 at 7:09
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    $\begingroup$ @MaryStar: i had made a mistake there ..check my answer now! $\endgroup$ – laura Jun 7 '18 at 7:19
  • $\begingroup$ I understand how you get that result! The possible result are $$ a) \frac{14!\cdot 15!}{7!} \ \ \ \ \ b) \frac{13!\cdot 14!}{6!} \ \ \ \ \ c) 22!-8! \ \ \ \ \ d) 14!\cdot 8!$$ So, your result is not equivalent of one of these, is it? $\endgroup$ – Mary Star Jun 7 '18 at 7:35
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    $\begingroup$ So, you mean that there are $\binom{14}{8}\cdot 8!\cdot 13!$ ways, right? @N.F.Taussig $\endgroup$ – Mary Star Jun 7 '18 at 9:16

I preassume that the persons are distinguisable and the seats are not.

Place one of the men at the table. Starting at his left hand there comes a sequence of the form:$$.m.m.m.m.m.m.m.$$where every dot stands for at least one woman and every $m$ for one man.

This comes to finding the number of sums $w_1+\cdots+w_8=14$ where the $w_i$ are positive integers, or equivalently to finding the number of sums $v_1+\cdots+v_8=6$ where the $v_i$ are nonnegative integers.

Without distinghuishing persons and applying inclusion/exclusion we find that this can be achieved on $\binom{13}7$ ways. There are $7!$ orders for men and $14!$ for women, so the final answer is:$$\binom{13}77!14!=\frac{13!14!}{6!}$$If also seats are distinguisable then this must be multiplied with factor $22$ corresponding with the number of seats available for the man that was placed at the table as first.


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