# Killing 2nd homology by including 3-manifold as the boundary of a 4-manifold

Let $Y$ be a connected closed orientable 3-manifold. Is there a compact orientable 4-manifold $X$ with $\partial X = Y$ such that the map induced by the inclusion $i_*: H_2(Y; \mathbb{Z}) \to H_2(X; \mathbb{Z})$ is the zero map.

The best I can do so far is to show this in the case where the cup product $\cup: H^1(Y; \mathbb{Z}) \times H^1(Y; \mathbb{Z}) \to H^2(Y; \mathbb{Z})$ vanishes.

• You may want to assume $Y$ is connected or else a simple counter example exists. Jun 3 '18 at 21:03
• @RocketMan Yes thanks for that! Jun 3 '18 at 21:05
• Is the 4-manifold required to be smooth, or can it just be a topological 4-manifold? This might make a big difference.
– Carl
Jun 7 '18 at 3:08

$\require{AMScd}$
I will drop the coefficients and use $\mathbb{Z}$ throughout.
For $T^3$, for example, there is no such $X$. Suppose that there were. If $H_2(T^3) \to H_2(X)$ is 0, then $H_1(T^3) \to H_1(X)$ will also be 0, since the cup product $\cup : H^1(T^3) \times H^1(T^3) \to H^2(T^3)$ is surjective. By considering the relative long exact sequence, the map $H_3(X,T^3) \to H_2(T^3)$ will be surjective. By duality, we then have the commutative diagram:
and therefore $H_1(T^3) = 0$ which is a contradiction.
• This is a great answer. But it's a bit confusing to jump to $H^1$, and then back to $H_1$. It's enough for what you want to do that $H^1(X)\rightarrow H^1(T^3)$ is zero. Jun 14 '18 at 23:02