This question comes from Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry. I'm trying to show that given an elliptic curve $E \to \operatorname{Spec} k$, $\operatorname{char} k = p>0$, that the Hasse invariant of $E$ is one if and only if the dual Frobenius morphism (I think sometimes called the relative Frobenius) $\hat F' :X \to X_{(p)}$ is separable. The hint is to use that the tangent space to an elliptic curve is the tangent space to the Jacobian (isomorphic to $E$), which is just $H^1(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$.

I can use Lemma 50.12.1 from the Stacks Project to conclude that $\hat F' :X \to X_{(p)}$ is separable if and only if $\hat F'^* \Omega_{X_{(p)}} \to \Omega_X$ is nonzero, which now by Hartshorne Proposition IV.2.1 this happens if and only if the sequence $$0 \to \hat F'^* \Omega_{X_{(p)}} \to \Omega_X \to \Omega_{X/X_{(p)}} \to 0$$ is exact.

If I can use this to get a nonzero map on cohomology $H^0(X,\Omega_{X}) \to H^0(X,\Omega_X)$, I can get the desired map using Serre Duality, which is the definition of nonzero Hasse invariant. However I'm not sure how to get the map on cohomology above.

  • $\begingroup$ You wrote \text{char } and \text{Spec }, with a manually typed space before the right brace. With \operatorname{char} and \operatorname{Spec}, with no such manual spacing, proper space will be there when what follows is a letter of the alphabet, but a correctly smaller space when it's a left parenthesis or a period of the like, thus: $$ \begin{align} & \operatorname{Spec}A \\ & \operatorname{Spec}(A) \end{align} $$ which are coded as \operatorname{Spec}A and \operatorname{Spec}(A). In actual LaTeX (as opposed to MathJax, which is used here) you can use a \newcommand{} before$\,\ldots\qquad$ $\endgroup$ – Michael Hardy May 30 '18 at 18:12
  • $\begingroup$ $\ldots\,$ before the \begin{document} so that you don't need to type \operatorname{} every time. $\endgroup$ – Michael Hardy May 30 '18 at 18:12
  • $\begingroup$ And here you can use \newcommand{} too, but there no \begin{document}. $\qquad$ $\endgroup$ – Michael Hardy May 30 '18 at 18:13

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