# How to solve for $z$: $|z|=z+\bar{z}$

I'm not sure how to figure this out (how to solve for $z$):

$$|z|=z+\bar{z}$$

What I did was,

Let $$z=a+bi$$ $$\sqrt{a^2+b^2}=(a+bi)+(a-bi)$$ $$\sqrt{a^2+b^2}=2a$$ $$a^2+b^2=4a^2$$

I'm not sure what to do from here to solve for $z$...

Go on!

You get $$b^2=3a^2\implies b=\pm a\sqrt3$$ so the equation holds for all the complex numbers satisfying $$z=a\pm a\sqrt3i$$ due to conjugacy, with $a>0$ because $|z|$ must be non-negative.

• Could also have $-a\sqrt{3}$, no? – Randall May 29 '18 at 14:07
• Note that $a>0$. – Szeto May 29 '18 at 14:14

$$b^2+a^2=4a^2\to b^2=3a^2\to b=\pm a\sqrt3$$ Then filter that back in for $$z=a\pm i\cdot a\sqrt3$$

Another fun approach is the following:

Let $z=re^{i\theta}$. Then $\Re(z)=r\cos(\theta)$. Substituting this into the equation gives $$r=2r\cos(\theta).$$ Therefore, either $r=0$ or $\cos(\theta)=\frac{1}{2}$. Hence $\theta=\frac{\pi}{3}$ or $\theta=-\frac{\pi}{3}$. Then, $$z=re^{\frac{i\pi}{3}}\quad\text{or}\quad z=re^{-\frac{i\pi}{3}}$$ If you want to match more of the details, then use that $$z=re^{\frac{i\pi}{3}}=r\cos\left(\frac{\pi}{3}\right)+ir\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{3}\right)=\frac{r}{2}+\frac{ir\sqrt{3}}{2}.$$

Just some geometrical motivation: $$a^2+b^2=4a^2\implies b^2=3a^2 \implies b=\pm \sqrt 3 a$$

$$z= a+bi = a\pm i\sqrt 3 a = a( 1\pm i\sqrt 3 )$$