# What projective groups whose characters form the basis of their corresponding $L^2$ space?

For instance, the cyclic group $\Bbb Z/n\Bbb Z$ has n characters in the form $x\mapsto \exp(2\pi i ax/n)$ for some $a\in \Bbb Z/n\Bbb Z$. The characters form a basis for $L^2(\Bbb Z/n\Bbb Z)$, which has dimension n (the Peter–Weyl theorem).

Are there some projective groups having the same property of $\Bbb Z/n\Bbb Z$? My ultimate goal is to see the link between projective geometry and harmonic analysis.

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• As is, this question is borderline incomprehensible, and I am afraid that it will attract close votes. What kind of "homomorphism" have you in mind? And what do you mean by "basis of a Hilbert space"? (I suppose you are thinking of orthonormal bases, but then, how can a set of bases be homomorphic to a group?) – Giuseppe Negro May 28 '18 at 17:04
• Moreover, $\mathbb C^\infty$ is not a Hilbert space in a natural way. – Giuseppe Negro May 28 '18 at 17:06
• What would it even mean for a basis of a Hilbert space to be isomorphic to a group or a representation? No, a basis of $L^2(S^1)$ is not simply a point on $S^1$. Nor is an element of $L^2(S^1)$ simply a point on $S^1$. Nor is a basis of $\Bbb C^{\infty}$ "the circle itself." (Also, is $\Bbb C^{\infty}$ supposed to just be the space of all infinite sequences of complex numbers? If so, it's not a Hilbert space; almost all of its elements have unbounded $L^2$ norm.) Nothing you're saying or asking makes any sense at all to me. – anon May 29 '18 at 4:10
• Yes the Hilbert space can be denoted $\ell^{\infty}$. All $L^2(Q)$ are isomorphic as Hilbert spaces, where $Q$ denotes an interval, since they're all isomorphic to $\ell^2$ (they have a canonical basis: complex exponentials, shifted and scaled appropriately). One definition of character is a homomorphism from $G$ to $\Bbb C^{\times}$, in which case the set of all characters is itself a group. A more general definition of character is the trace of a representation, in which case a character is not a homomorphism. – anon May 31 '18 at 19:45
• What do you mean by "the corresponding group on the unit circle"? What does that mean? Please do not expect me to read your mind. Do you mean the image (aka "range") of the homomorphism $\phi$? If so, then do not treat a homomorphism the same as its image. Different homomorphisms can have the same image, after all. And it doesn't make sense to ask if the images form a basis for an $L^2$-space of functions, because an image of a character is a set of numbers and elements of $L^2$ are functions. They're different things! – anon Jun 3 '18 at 5:35

• I'm sorry, my knowledge is screwed up. I mean the base of a $L^2$ space is all function, and so are characters. So is there a connection between them in projective group? – Ooker Jun 4 '18 at 3:40