# Given a complex number $z$ that $|z-2-i|=2\sqrt{2}$. Find the maximum and minimum of $H=|z+3-2i|+|z-3+4i|$.

Given a complex number $z$ that $|z-2-i|=2\sqrt{2}$. Find the maximum and minimum of $H=|z+3-2i|+|z-3+4i|$.

The minimum is easy to find: $H=|z+3-2i|+|z-3+4i| \geq|z+3-2i-z+3-4i|=6\sqrt{2}$

I am struggling with the maximum. It leads to find the maximum of $\sqrt{(a+3)^2+(b-2)^2}+\sqrt{(a-3)^2+(b+4)^2}$ given $(a-2)^2+(b-1)^2=8$.

I have drawn these on the coordinate plane. Let $A(-3,2), B(3,-4)$, we need to find pint $M$ on circle $(x-2)^2+(y-1)^2=8$ such that $MA+MB$ attains its minimum or maximum. Then I percieve that when M is located at $C$ and $E$, $MA+MB$ attains its minimum and maximum respectively. (surprisingly, $C$ is the tangent point).

But I can't give the rigorous proof of that either analytically of geometrically. Hope your kind help!

• Nice picture. MA+MB=2c is the equation of an ellipse with foci at A and B and axis along AB and EC. May 22, 2018 at 1:08
• If you scale the picture by a factor $1/\sqrt 2$ and rotate it so that $A$, $B$ lie in the $X$-axis, AEC becomes a $3-4-5$ right triangle, and the circle is easier to parametrise as $\{(2\sin\theta, 2(1+\cos\theta)),\theta\in[0,2\pi]\}$. Alternatively you can use Lagrange multipliers. May 22, 2018 at 1:18

This question involves a circle

$$C\rightarrow |z-2+i| = 2\sqrt2$$

and a generic ellipse $E$ with focus at $z_1 = -3+2i$ and $z_2 = 3-4i$

The problem can be asked as:

Determine the ellipse with focus at $z_1,z_2$ tangent to the cylinder $C$

The problem generally has two solutions: one minimal and other maximal. In this case only the maximal. The minimum is the distance $|z_1-z_2|$ (a segment as a degenerated ellipse). 