# Calculating a minimum Surface area of a box

I want to calculate the minimum surface area of a (closed) box for a given volume. So let’s say I have a given volume V (e.g. V=10m^3). And I need a box where all the surface area is as minimal as possible. This would be a great starting point if I knew how to calculate that.

To make things more complicated: Let’s say I have a given volume V but also I have a limit for the height of the box. So the height would be a certain measurement h (or higher), length and width would still be variable.

If you could answer my first question that would already be great. I think for the second problem I could also just do the same calculation/minimization and just work with a given area A (A = V/h).

Say that the Surface area is given by

$$A=2(ab+bc+ca).$$

Then, from the property that the Geometric Mean is always less that or equal to the Arithmetic Mean ($$AM-GM$$), we get

$$\frac{ab+bc+ca}{3}\geq\sqrt{(abc)^2}.$$

Multiplying by $$6$$ gives

$$2(ab+bc+ca)\geq 6\sqrt{(abc)^2},$$

where

$$abc=10m^3.$$

• Maybe I misunderstood your answer but I meant having a given volume and trying to find the minimum surface area. If I am not mistaken you assumed it the other way around. May 7 '18 at 13:47
• No the Minimum Surface area is given by $$6\sqrt{100}$$ as i have written it above! May 7 '18 at 13:49
• Aah I understand. Thank you May 7 '18 at 13:54

HINT

Indicating with $x,y,z$ the sides of the box we have

• $S=2(xy+yz+zx)$ surface to minimize

with the constraint

• $V=xyz=10$