Let $N$ be any near-ring. An additive mapping $d:N\rightarrow N$ is called derivation if $d(xy)=d(x)y+xd(y)$ for any $x,y\in N$. Recently, i read some paper about derivation and there are many paper that discuss "A near-ring $N$ is commutative ring if it is satisfy one of derivation" and the famous one and oftenly cited is on the paper of Bell, et al (1997). Instead of direct proving a near-ring is commutative ring by its abelian, multiplication is commutative and both distributive holds, why using derivation? May be, they want to show that proving a near-ring is commutative ring, is not always using the same way, that there is another way to reach that, in this case using derivation. But, is there any reason why using derivation? And my other question is, what is the other useness of derivation in a ring/near-ring beside for commutativity? Thank you!
I am not sure whether I completely understood your question, but you asked why people use derivations to show commutativity. Well, I guess that some people working in near-rings tried to follow the results obtained in ring theory and there is a bunch of classical results which says that if a ring has a derivation with certain properties, then it is commutative. For example Herstein proved in 1978 in "A Note on derivations" that a prime ring R with derivation $d$ is commutative if $d(x)d(y)=d(y)d(x)$ for all $x,y \in R$. More on commutativity condition for rings can be found in the article "Commutativity conditions for rings: 1950–2005" by JamesPinter-Lucke.