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Find necessary and sufficient conditions on $a,b,c$ such that the matrix $$\begin{bmatrix}a & b\\b & c\end{bmatrix}$$ has a factorization $LL^{T}$ in which $L$ is lower triangular.**

I am using the following to demonstrate this:

With the above, can I conclude that the necessary and sufficient conditions must be the following?

$$a \geq 0, \quad c \geq 0, \quad b^2 \leq ac$$

Thank you very much.

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    $\begingroup$ Yes, you're right. The conditions are necessary and sufficient. Look at this link. $\endgroup$ – onetimething Apr 15 '18 at 0:29
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Yes, those conditions are sufficient and necessary.

A remark is that $$a \ge 0, b^2 \le ac \implies c \ge 0$$

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