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(I'm not a native English speaker) When I meet various compositions of mathematical symbols in a book, I pause some time to read them. Also, I don't know that my way of reading them is correct or not.

For example, there are five mathematical expressions.

  1. $\int_a^b f(x) dx$

  2. $\prod_{\alpha \in J} X_\alpha$

  3. $\sum_{i=1}^\infty \mu(E_i)$

  4. $\bigcup_{x\in U} B_x$

My reading method is

1) Integral from $a$ to $b$ $f(x) dx$

2) Product from alpha in $J$ $X$ sub alpha

3) Sum from $i$ is $1$ to infinity mu $E$ sub $i$

4) Union from $x$ in $U$ $B$ sub $x$

Could you give me some advice on how to read expressions like these?

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I'm a native english speaker. I'd read these as

  • Integral from $a$ to $b$ of $f ~ dx$.

  • Product over $\alpha$ in $J$ of $X$ sub $\alpha$.

  • Sum from $i$ equals $1$ to infinity of $\mu$ of $E$ sub $i$.

  • Union over $x$ in $U$ of $B$ sub $x$.

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  • $\begingroup$ [+1] or, oftentimes, “. . . of $f$ with respect to $x$” $\ddot\smile$ $\endgroup$ – gen-z ready to perish Apr 18 '18 at 23:23
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Native English speaker from the US. I vary some of my verbal math. For example, I may read infinite sums and products like $\sum_{j=1}^\infty a_j$ as "The sum, over $j$, of 'a-j'." I ignore saying "sub" now.

In short sum, multiply, and integrate over indices.

Each person is different and your way is just fine.

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  • $\begingroup$ I slightly disagree: OP's "union from" and "product from", when the condition is something like $i \in A$, seems really peculiar to me. (If I were editing a paper, I'd suggest a change when I saw this.) $\endgroup$ – John Hughes Apr 15 '18 at 2:47

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