# Lebesgue integral of non-negative measurable sequence of functions (not monotone)

Suppose that $f, (f_n)$ are nonnegative measurable functions, that $f_n \to f$ pointwise, and that $f_n \leq f$ for all n. Prove that:

$\int f = \lim_{n \to \infty} \int f_n$

My attempt

One direction seems fairly obvious. Since $f_n \leq f$ for all n, then: $\int f_n \leq \int f$ for all n.

So we should have: $\lim_{n \to \infty} \int f_n \leq \int f$

In the other direction, use Fatou’s Lemma to see that:

$\int f \leq \lim_{n \to \infty} \inf \int f_n$

However, it’s not actually clear that $\lim_{n \to \infty} \int f_n$ is well-defined, so it doesn’t necessarily make sense to get there from the $\lim_{n \to \infty} \inf$.

As a concept, my idea would then (or maybe instead?) create a subsequence from $(f_n)$ that is monotone and then invoke MCT? But I am not sure how to go about this.

• You can take $\limsup$ both sides along with the comparison. Apr 10 '18 at 20:29