# What does “X% faster” mean?

I was reading something today that was talking in terms of 10%, 100% and 1000% faster. I assumed that 10% faster means it takes 10% less time (60 seconds down to 54 seconds).

If that is correct wouldn't 100% faster mean 0 time and 1000% mean traveling back in time?

• You should leave a comment on the site to this effect. – user02138 Mar 15 '11 at 15:42
• I think he actually explains those numbers in the post. He is using "100% faster" instead of "twice as fast" and "1000% faster" instead of "ten times as fast". – Brian Mar 15 '11 at 15:52
• So if you are talking about execution time (like he is in the article), 1000% would be 1/10 of the original execution time? Would 100% faster be the same execution time? – Abe Miessler Mar 15 '11 at 19:10
• Maybe throughput (I mean number of tasks finished) over time, relative? – Emil Feb 22 '17 at 14:33
• If it is referring to speed, the statement "10% faster" makes sense. If it is referring to completion time, it does not. However, advertisers like to misuse percentages in various ways. For another example, the new toilets where I work have a sign that says they "save 30% more water per flush than a regular toilet". – Carl Mummert Feb 23 '17 at 12:20

I second Peláez's answer. In addition, I want to explain this mistake of yours: “I assumed that 10% faster means it takes 10% less time (60 seconds down to 54 seconds).” 10% normalized = 0.1 , oldTime=60 , and the correct result is not 54:

$newTime = oldTime/(1+0.1) = 54.54545454545454\dots$ $\neq 54 = oldTime\cdot(1-0.1)$.

If $X\to 0$, then the difference between formulas $\to 0$, so in calculations $\cdot(1-X)$ is often used.

But the following statement is correct and precise: 10% faster means that something moves 10% further.

When I see numbers like that I don't believe they are honest numbers-they really mean "faster", "much faster" and "much much faster". But taking them seriously, if you were traveling 60 mph, 10% faster would be 66 mph (taking 9.09% less time), 100% faster would be 120 mph (taking 50% less time) and 1000% faster would be 660 mph (taking 91.91% less time).

• That seems reasonable: 100% faster should mean twice the speed, so half the time; 1000% faster should mean eleven times the speed so 1/11 of the time, though I would always bear in mind they might mean ten times the speed and 1/10 of the time and be confused. If they were the kind of person who (like Martin Lukes) aimed to perform "22.5 % better than my bestest" then I wouldn't trust any number they said. – Henry Mar 15 '11 at 16:50
• As beroal suggests, the difference is between $1+x$ and $\frac{1}{1-x}$, which are close for $x\lt\lt 1$ but diverge as $x$ gets close to $1$. – Ross Millikan Mar 16 '11 at 2:36

Faster here is referring to the speed, it means that if you normalize $X$ as a number between $0$ and $1$, you will have that $$newSpeed = oldSpeed(1+X)$$ But faster doesn't mean that the time taken for the activity (this case is data processing or something like that) to complete is 0, or even negative, because the time is always some ratio of the form $t = \frac{d}{s}$, where $d$ would be the number of activities or data to process, an $s$ is the speed to complete one activity or process one data, so $t$ is always positive. But of course as X increases, the time tends to 0.