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This one is pretty simple, but the textbook answer is way off from mine. Getting a $7$ on a $2$-dice throw is $\frac 6{36} =\frac16$, and since it doesn't care about the second throw it should be $\frac16$, right? The textbook says it's $\frac5{18}$, but I don't know from where.

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  • $\begingroup$ you're correct. $\endgroup$ – videlity Feb 26 '18 at 3:00
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    $\begingroup$ Your calculation is correct, for the question as you've stated it. Are you sure that the question wan't the probability of getting a 7 on exactly one of the two throws? Then the correct answer would be 5/18. $\endgroup$ – Reese Feb 26 '18 at 3:10
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Your answer is correct. There are $36$ different possible results from rolling two dice and six of which result in a sum of seven:

$$\{1,6\}, \{6,1\}, \{2,5\}, \{5,2\}, \{3,4\}, \{4,3\}$$

giving a probability of

$$p=\frac{6}{36}=\frac{1}{6}$$

As Reese pointed out, if the question asks for the probability of getting a sum of seven on the first or second toss, but not both, then we have a standard binomial:

$$\begin{align*} P(X=k)={n \choose k}p^k(1-p)^{n-k} &={2 \choose 1}\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\\\\ &=\frac{10}{36}\\\\ &=\frac{5}{18} \end{align*}$$

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