Use the epsilon-delta definition of limits to show that $\lim \limits_{(x,y) \to (1,2)}(2x^{2}+y^{2}) = 6$

I tried putting it in polar coordinates and got to $\lim \limits_{r \to \sqrt 6}r^2 = 6$

From there I got $|r-\sqrt{6}| < \delta$, how do I get that to the form $|r^2 - 6| < \epsilon$? Or is there a simpler way to do the problem?

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ How did you put polar coordinates? $\endgroup$ – gimusi Feb 24 '18 at 23:12
  • $\begingroup$ Instead of using x in the limit, I used the square root of 2 multiplied by x $\endgroup$ – Epsilon-Delta Feb 24 '18 at 23:19
  • $\begingroup$ Yes now is clear, I thought you didn't get this step. $\endgroup$ – gimusi Feb 24 '18 at 23:19

You didn't specify that to use polar coordinates we need firstly to set

  • $u^2=2x^2$
  • $v^2=y^2$


$$\lim \limits_{(x,y) \to (1,2)}(2x^{2}+y^{2}) = 6\iff \lim \limits_{(u,v) \to (\sqrt 2,2)}(u^{2}+v^{2}) = 6\iff\lim \limits_{r \to \sqrt 6}r^2 = 6$$

From here you can easily proceed by the $\epsilon-\delta$ definition of limit, that is

$$|r^2 - 6| < \epsilon\iff \sqrt{6-\epsilon}<r<\sqrt{6+\epsilon}\iff \sqrt{6-\epsilon}-\sqrt 6<r-\sqrt6<\sqrt{6+\epsilon}-\sqrt 6$$

then the optimal bound for $\delta$ is

$$|r-\sqrt 6|<min\{\sqrt 6-\sqrt{6-\epsilon},\sqrt{6+\epsilon}-\sqrt 6\}=\sqrt{6+\epsilon}-\sqrt 6=\delta$$

Or as an alternative note that if we assume $$|r-\sqrt 6|<1 \implies r\in(-1+\sqrt 6,1+\sqrt 6)\implies r+\sqrt 6<1+2\sqrt 6$$

we have

$$|r^2-6|=(r+\sqrt 6)|r-\sqrt 6|<(1+2\sqrt 6)|r-\sqrt 6|$$

and thus if

$$|r-\sqrt 6|<\frac{\epsilon}{1+2\sqrt 6}\implies|r^2-6|<\epsilon$$

and $$\delta =\min\left\{1, \frac{\epsilon}{1+2\sqrt 6}\right\}$$

  • $\begingroup$ I can't figure out the ϵ−δ definition of limit part though. Don't we need to get |r−√6|<δ to the form |r^2−6|<ϵ? I'm not sure how to go about this. $\endgroup$ – Epsilon-Delta Feb 24 '18 at 23:26

\begin{align*} |2x^{2}+y^{2}-6|&=|2x^{2}+y^{2}-2(1)^{2}-2^{2}|\\ &=2|x^{2}-1|+|y^{2}-2^{2}|\\ &\leq 2|x-1||x+1|+|y-2||y+2|\\ &<2\cdot 3|x-1|+5|y-2|\\ &\leq 30(|x-1|+|y-2|)\\ &\leq 60\sqrt{(x-1)^{2}+(y-2)^{2}}\\ &<60\cdot\epsilon/60\\ &=\epsilon, \end{align*} where $\sqrt{(x-1)^{2}+(y-2)^{2}}<\min\{1,\epsilon/60\}$.


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