Transform system of linear congruences to make use of Chinese Remainder Theorem

The following system of linear congruences in its given form cannot be solved using the Chinese Remainder Theorem. Can you help me transform the system sufficiently such that the Chinese Remainder Theorem can be applied, without actually solving the system?

$$x \equiv 1 \pmod {15}$$ $$2x \equiv 11 \pmod {21}$$ $$4x \equiv −6 \pmod {35}$$

(I can reduce $x \equiv 1 \pmod {15}$ to $x \equiv 1 \pmod 5$ and $x \equiv 1 \pmod 3$.
But I'm not sure how to reduce the other two congruences to end up with mod $3,5$ and $7$?)

• Do you know how to simply solve $2x\equiv 11\pmod {21}$ as $x\equiv A\pmod {21}$ for some $A$? Dec 27, 2012 at 22:07
• gcd(2,21)=1 and 1 divides 11, so there is 1 in-congruent solution modulo 21. x=16 works, so x≡16(mod21) ? Dec 27, 2012 at 22:35
• I think it is difficult not to see a solution in the effort to transform the system! But there may be more than one solution.
Dec 27, 2012 at 22:39
• I know that x=16 works, but I am trying to reduce the system to modulo 3,5 and 7 rather than 15,21 and 35 because gcd(15,21,35) is not equal to 1. Is this a correct approach? Dec 27, 2012 at 22:46
• Yes. That is correct. It works because in both case $x\equiv 1 \ \ (3)$. So, you have consistency. If the same happens on the third equation then you are o.k. I think it works there too because the answer is aganin $16$.
Dec 27, 2012 at 22:52

$$x \equiv 1 \pmod{15}$$ $$2x \equiv 11 \pmod{21}$$ This means $$x \equiv a \pmod{105}$$ Note that possible values of $a$ consistent with $x \equiv 1 \pmod{15}$ are $\{1,16,31,46,61,76,91\}$. Hence, $2a \in \{2,32,62,92,122,152,182\}$. Now we are given that $2a \equiv 11 \pmod{21}$. Hence, $2a = 32$ is the only possible solution. Hence, $$x \equiv 16 \pmod{105}$$ Further, you have $2x \equiv -3 \pmod{35}$, which is consistent with $x \equiv 16 \pmod{105}$. Hence, we get that $$x \equiv 16 \pmod{105}$$
The general "strategy" is just to transform $$2x\equiv 11\pmod{21}$$ into $$x\equiv 121\pmod{21}=16\pmod{21}$$, where $11$ is $2$'s inverse. From here you can use Chinese reminder theorem.
So solving this we have $$x\equiv 1\pmod{3},x\equiv 2\pmod{7},x\equiv 1\pmod{5}$$Now we use classical algorithm, we have $70*1+21*1+15*2=70+21+30=121\equiv 16\pmod{105}$.
• Not yet. Because $21$ is not prime to $3$. One has to replace $21$ with $7$.