# In homomorphic image of Jacobson ring Nilradical is equal to the Jacobson radical.

I want to show in homomorphic image of Jacobson ring Nilradical is equal to the Jacobson radical. By Jacobson ring we know that every prime ideal is intersection of maximal ideals.

Where I stuck is the following. Given $f:A \to B$ surjective ring homomorphism and $A$ be a Jacobson ring. Consider $y \in Jac(B)$ then want to show that for any prime ideal $p$ of $B,$ $y \in p.$ Now if $f^{-1}(y) \cap f^{-1}(p)= \phi$ I cannot draw any contradiction. Please help me to prove this way.

Hint: We know that $B\cong A/I$ for some ideal $I\subset A$. Thus, what you want to show is that $\operatorname{nil}(A/I)=\mathcal{J}(A/I)$. Use the correspondence between prime ideals of $A$ and those of $A/I$.

• Enough to show $rad(I)= \cap m_{\alpha}$ where $m_{\alpha}$ the collection of all maximal ideals of $A$ containing $I.$ But since every prime ideal is intersection of maximal ideals $A$ and $rad(I)$ is the intersection of all prime ideals containing $p$..it follows. Am I correct ? Feb 9, 2018 at 10:40
• @user371231 Yes, try to write down all the details! (There is a typo in what you wrote. It should say $I$ instead of $p$) Feb 9, 2018 at 10:52
• yes $rad(I)$ is intersection of all prime ideals containing $I.$ Feb 11, 2018 at 6:35