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Given two positive integers $n$ and $k$ with the same parity, count the number of sets $$S = \{0 < s_1 < s_2 < \dots < s_k = n\},$$ such that $s_1, s_3, \dots$ are odd numbers, and $s_2, s_4,\dots$ are even numbers.

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closed as off-topic by Rohan, ArsenBerk, Especially Lime, Claude Leibovici, Jaideep Khare Jan 26 '18 at 11:07

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Hint. The problem is equivalent to count the number of non-negative integer solutions of the equation $$(2x_1+1)+(2x_2+1)+ \dots+ (2x_k+1)=n$$ that is $$x_1+x_2+ \dots+ x_k=\frac{n-k}{2}.$$ Then $s_i=\sum_{j=1}^i(2x_j+1)$ for $i=1,2,\dots,k$. To count such solutions use Stars and bars technique.

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